Workplace drug tests are becoming more and more common. If you’re subject to such a test, it’s important to know your rights and what to expect. Here are eight things you should know about workplace drug tests.
1. You May Be Subject to a Pre-Employment Drug Test
If you’re applying for a job, the employer may require you to take a drug test as part of the application process. This is especially common for jobs that involve safety-sensitive duties, such as operating machinery or driving a vehicle.
2. Your Employer May Require Random Drug Tests
Even if you’re already employed, your employer may require you to take a random drug test at any time. Again, this is more common for jobs that involve safety-sensitive duties.
3. You May Be Subject to a Reasonable Suspicion Drug Test
If your employer has reason to believe that you may be under the influence of drugs while at work, they may require you to take a drug test. Factors that could lead to reasonable suspicion include erratic behavior, slurred speech, and poor performance.
4. You Have the Right to Refuse a Drug Test
You always have the right to refuse to take a drug test, but keep in mind that doing so may result in disciplinary action from your employer, up to and including termination of employment.
5. The Type of Test Will Determine What Drugs Are Detected
There are different types of drug tests, and each type detects different drugs. For example, urine tests are the most common type of drug test and can detect marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, and opioids like oxycodone and heroin. Hair tests are less common but can detect drugs that have been used over a longer period of time.
6. You May Be Asked to Take More Than One Type of Test
Depending on the circumstances, you may be asked to take more than one type of drug test. For example, if you’re applying for a job that requires safety-sensitive duties, you may be asked to take both a urine test and a hair test.
7. The Results of Your Test May Not Be Immediate
It can take a few days to get the results of your drug test, so don’t expect to find out right away whether you’ve passed or failed.
8. You Have the Right to Challenge a Positive Result
If you believe that a positive drug test result is inaccurate, you have the right to challenge it. The first step is to request a retest. If the retest comes back positive, you may be able to have the sample sent to an independent lab for further analysis.
Workplace drug testing is becoming increasingly common. If you find yourself subject to such a test, it’s important to know your rights and what to expect. By understanding these eight things about workplace drug tests, you’ll be better prepared if and when the time comes.
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